Tuesday, September 24, 2013

BOSCO VERTICALE - what Krista recommended!


Bosco Verticale (Vertical Forest) is a project for metropolitan reforestation that contributes to the regeneration of the environment and urban biodiversity without the implication of expanding the city upon the territory. Bosco Verticale is a model of vertical densification of nature within the city. It is a model that operates correlated to the policies for reforestation and naturalization of the large urban and metropolitan borders (Metrosbosco). Metrobosco and Bosco Verticale are devices for the environmental survival of contemporary European cities. Together they create two modes of building links between nature and city within the territory and within the cities of contemporary Europe.
The first example of a Bosco Verticale composed of two residential towers of 110 and 76 meters height, will be realized in the centre of Milan, on the edge of the Isola neighbourhood, and will host 900 trees (each measuring 3, 6 or 9 m tall) apart from a wide range of shrubs and floral plants.
On flat land, each Bosco Verticale equals, in amount of trees, an area equal to 10.000 sqm of forest. In terms of urban densification the equivalent of an area of single family dwellings of nearly 50.000 sqm.
The Bosco Verticale is a system that optimizes, recuperates and produces energy. The Bosco Verticale aids in the creation of a microclimate and in filtering the dust particles contained in the urban environment. The diversity of the plants and their characteristics produce humidity, absorb CO2 and dust particles, producing oxygen and protect from radiation and acoustic pollution, improving the quality of living spaces and saving energy. Plant irrigation will be produced to great extent through the filtering and reuse of the grey waters produced by the building. Additionally Aeolian and photovoltaic energy systems will contribute, together with the aforementioned microclimate to increase the degree of energetic self sufficiency of the two towers. The management and maintenance of the Bosco Verticale’s vegetation will be centralised and entrusted to an agency with an office counter open to the public.
Project information
location: Milano, Italy
year: 2007 (on going)
client: Hines Italia
built area: 40.000 sqm
budget: 65.000.000,00€
Architectural Design:
BOERISTUDIO (Stefano Boeri, Gianandrea Barreca, Giovanni La Varra)
Phase 1 – Urban plan and preliminary design
Frederic de Smet (coordinator), Daniele Barillari, Julien Boitard, Matilde Cassani, Andrea Casetto, Francesca Cesa Bianchi, Inge Lengwenus, Corrado Longa, Eleanna Kotsikou, Matteo Marzi, Emanuela Messina, Andrea Sellanes.
Phase 2 – Final design and working plan
Gianni Bertoldi (coordinator), Alessandro Agosti, Andrea Casetto, Matteo Colognese, Angela Parrozzani, Stefano Onnis.
Consultant for the vegetation project: Emanuela Borio, Laura Gatti
All images ©Boeri Studio except where noted.
Meteorite that fell last year contains surprising molecules
Compounds in space rocks like the one that broke up over California may have helped seed life on Earth

Sparking Life
Chemical analyses of Sutter's Mill meteorite fragments (one shown) suggest that space rocks hold the molecules necessary for life to develop.
Kevin Heider/Wikimedia Commons
A space rock that lit up the California sky last year has given scientists an unprecedented look at the complex chemistry that probably took place during the solar system’s infancy. Meteorites similar to this one likely delivered the raw materials to Earth that assembled into the molecules of life.

Scientists have been analyzing pieces of the Sutter’s Mill meteorite since it burst apart over northern California on April 22, 2012 (SN: 1/26/13, p. 5). When Arizona State University chemist Sandra Pizzarello and colleagues melted away some minerals with acid, a plethora of sulfur- and oxygen-containing organic compounds were left behind, several of which have never been identified in meteorites before. They detail their findings September 9 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The molecules likely formed several billion years ago in conditions similar to those on early Earth: warm and rich in water. “The study provides a little window into what kind of chemistry occurred on Earth before life,” says Jonathan Lunine, a planetary scientist at Cornell University who was not involved in the study. But the work also establishes that this complex chemistry took place long before rocks like this one deposited their molecular treasures on Earth, he says. Since the raw materials were more complex than previously thought, they could have combined more easily to form biological molecules.
This rare opportunity to analyze a freshly fallen meteorite has Lunine thinking about the bounty of organic materials that may exist on pristine rocks in space. NASA’s OSIRIS-REx probe, due to launch in 2016, will return a sample of material from an asteroid more than 600 million kilometers away.

Jason deClairs Taylor


Sunday, September 15, 2013

Some photos from the zoo...

                                            A buddy looking for some company...
                                        Duo. Get ready for a lot of gorilla photos.

                                          Schroeder the silverback.
                                          Giraffe stretch or hokey-pokey?
                                           (enter ad-lib here)
                                         So this lion stared at me for a long time...
                                         Even as I walked away...
                                          Here's where Indonesia and Africa meet.
                                           The belly on this lady made me laugh.

Saturday, September 14, 2013

Spider monkies: Ooh oh Ah Ah

Here are photos from the zoo! Some are just monkey habitats, and then other focus on the Spider Monkeys themselves.

And here are a couple notes I took on the Monkeys: