Monday, December 12, 2011

Reading Fritof Capra Notes (from the beginning again)

Organisms. Social Systems. Ecosystems Crisis of Perception

Solutions require a radical shift of perceptions, thinking, and values. Now we are at that change. Problems cannot be understood in isolation. Systemic problems interconnected and interdependent. Social institutions teach concepts of outdated worldviews. Political leaders not aware of problems or how “solutions” will affect future generations

Only solutions are sustainable ones.

“A sustainable society is one that satisfies its needs without diminishing he prospects of future generations.” Lester Brown

Thomas Kuhn “paradigm”=a constellation of achievements, concepts, values, techniques etc shared by a scientific community and used by community to define legitimate problems and solutions.

Changes and revolutionary breaks = “Paradigm Shift”

Social Paradigm: Community which forms a vision of reality, which is the basis of the way the community organizes itself.

Ex Females subsumed by Male concept

Holistic Worldview: Seeing earth/the universe as an integrated whole (sees bike + parts)

Shallow Ecology: anthropocentric (human-centered) Views people above all nature, source of all value ascribes “use” as only value to nature

Deep Ecology: Does not separate people or anything from natural environment. Recognizes all intrinsic value in the web of life. Has a spiritual awareness too?

Human Spirit-made up of consciousness in which people feel a sense of belonging, connectedness to the cosmos as a whole.

Ecofeminism = Feminist Ecology. Nature + Females. Female experiential knowledge source for ecological vision of reality

Dominator System Examples: Patriarchy, Imperialism, Captalism, Racism…Antiecological. New shift could happen if only leaders could be changed/converted

Ecological view considers Bike + parts, natural and social environments, where materials come from, how it’s manufactured, how it affects the natural environment and community

Need balance of self assertiveness and integratedness. See Thinking and Values table pg 10

Self-Assertive: Competition, expansion, domination (male) This is why shift is difficult. Men have economic rewards and political power, don’t want to give it up (military and corporate structures)

Deep Ecology is grounded in earth centered values. Acknowledges value of non-human life (ecocentric) Coethical. States that moral values are inherent in all living nature. All nature and self are one. If we have a deep awareness we should be inclined to take care of all living nature.

Gestalt psychologist

Atoms, subatomic particle, discovery in quantum physics led to P.shift

Characteristics of Deep Ecology:

PartsàWhole-Wrong. WholeàParts-Yes. Ability to shift attention between systemic levels (properties of levels emergent). Contextual and Environmental thinking. There are no parts, only patterns of inseparable relationships. Properties of parts only understood in context of a larger whole

Before systemic thinking there was mechanistic thinking. Current science is based on shifting foundation. Bootstrap philosophy-Accepts no fundamental entities. No properties of any part of the web are fundamental. Epistemology: The method of questioning. Objective thinking (tree)=Epistemic thinking (leaves, twigs, branches, trunk, bark, roots)

We cannot understand all systems of the web. We work on approximate knowledge

Tektology: Science of structure. Embraces all other sciences. First attempt at systemic formulation of principles of organization and operation in living and nonliving systems

Universe goes from disorder to order to disorder again in increasing complexity

Ludwig Von Bertalanffy-1940s-Russia: Took 1st crucial step in recognizing that living organisms are open systems that cannot be described by classical thermodynamics. First formulation of comprehensive theoretical framework describing principles of organization of a living system (tektology)

Arnes Naess (early 1970s): Does not separate anything from the natural environment, living and non-living. Human and non-human. Move away from Anthropocentric.

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