Organisms. Social Systems. Ecosystems Crisis of Perception
Solutions require a radical shift of perceptions, thinking, and values. Now we are at that change. Problems cannot be understood in isolation. Systemic problems interconnected and interdependent. Social institutions teach concepts of outdated worldviews. Political leaders not aware of problems or how “solutions” will affect future generations
“A sustainable society is one that satisfies its needs without diminishing he prospects of future generations.” Lester Brown
Changes and revolutionary breaks = “Paradigm Shift”
Social Paradigm: Community which forms a vision of reality, which is the basis of the way the community organizes itself.
Ex Females subsumed by Male concept
Holistic Worldview: Seeing earth/the universe as an integrated whole (sees bike + parts)
Shallow Ecology: anthropocentric (human-centered) Views people above all nature, source of all value ascribes “use” as only value to nature
Deep Ecology: Does not separate people or anything from natural environment. Recognizes all intrinsic value in the web of life. Has a spiritual awareness too?
Dominator System Examples: Patriarchy, Imperialism, Captalism, Racism…Antiecological. New shift could happen if only leaders could be changed/converted
Ecological view considers Bike + parts, natural and social environments, where materials come from, how it’s manufactured, how it affects the natural environment and community
Need balance of self assertiveness and integratedness. See Thinking and Values table pg 10
Atoms, subatomic particle, discovery in quantum physics led to P.shift
PartsàWhole-Wrong. WholeàParts-Yes. Ability to shift attention between systemic levels (properties of levels emergent). Contextual and Environmental thinking. There are no parts, only patterns of inseparable relationships. Properties of parts only understood in context of a larger whole
Ludwig Von Bertalanffy-1940s-Russia: Took 1st crucial step in recognizing that living organisms are open systems that cannot be described by classical thermodynamics. First formulation of comprehensive theoretical framework describing principles of organization of a living system (tektology)